What is SEBI valuation? Why is it required?
Stock valuation is the process of determining the intrinsic or theoretical value of a stock in the future. A SEBI valuation company will help a company determine the value of their company’s stock or another company’s stock so that the investors can decide when to buy or sell shares. It is an important valuation tool as it aids informed decision-making regarding trading.
SEBI valuation is required in multiple cases.
- To determine exit price for shareholders of exclusively listed companies.
- Valuation of business assets is required when considerations other than cash are made to promoters.
- SEBI valuation is required when shares are delisted.
Methodologies of Stock exchange/SEBI Valuation
Stock exchange/SEBI valuation is divided into two sub-groups- Absolute valuation and Relative Valuation.
The methods used to determine the future value of a company’s stock are-
- Comparable method- SEBI valuation consultants use the comparable method to compare stock price multiples to a set benchmark value. This valuation method tries to determine a stock’s theoretical or intrinsic value by studying the price multiples of similar companies. It is very common to prescribe the comparable method of SEBI valuation in case of infrequent trade preferential allotment of shares.
- Dividend discount method- DDM is one of the basic methods under absolute valuation. Under this valuation process, the company’s cash flow is assessed by calculating the dividend paid to the shareholders.
- In relative valuation, ratios are used to determine the value of the stock. SEBI registered merchant bankers in charge of the SEBI valuation process will study the following ratios- growth rate, enterprise value-to-sales ratio, return on assets, enterprise value, etc.
Who can conduct SEBI Valuation?
The people who can conduct stock exchange valuations differ in countries. In India, however, many laws and charters such as the Companies Act, 2013, Income Tax act, 1962, and SEBI charters stipulate the guidelines for conducting evaluations.
In the case of Exclusive Listed Companies, SEBI valuation of exit opportunities to shareholders is conducted by a valuer chosen by the Bombay Stock Exchange or National Stock Exchange.
A chartered accountant or a SEBI registered merchant banker with proper experience shall conduct SEBI valuation in cases where consideration other than cash is used for delisting and when shares are infrequently traded.
Our SEBI Valuation Services
Our SEBI valuation process is conducted by a team of professionals with years of experience in valuation. Our team of BSE/NSE impaneled analysts, chartered accountants, and SEBI registered merchant bankers are well acquainted with the regulations and requirements of the stock exchange. We have prepared hundreds of valuation reports and have assisted in determining the value of the company’s stock along with valuations of similar companies.