What is the Purpose OF A Business Valuation

What is the Purpose OF A Business Valuation

In general, valuation refers to the process of attaining the present value of the company or investment or any asset. 

Business valuation recognizes the economic value of any entity regarding the company. 

It can determine if a business needs to be sold or functioning properly by the economic worth of the particular entity. 

Business valuation, also called company valuation, is a process of determining the value of a company's assets of a business. 

During the process, all the departments and units of the business are analysed to determine the economic worth.

This can attain the fair value of the business, the sale value, partnership, taxation, and other proceedings. 

Knowing the business value can be highly useful. Let us talk about the different methods and the purpose of business valuation.

What determines a business’s value?

There are various determinants to calculate the business value. The most prominent one is income. 

The value of the business can be based on the generation of income by the company. 

You also include the assets. Calculate the assets and determine their value in the business. The market share value will also be a determinant. 

Then you have to consider the recent transactions or investments. With transparent details and proper auditing, you can form strategies and finally attain proper business valuation.

Importance of business valuation

Business valuation has many benefits with it and thus has good importance in the business. Some of the important factors of business valuation are as follows.

  • You will be able to know the business's development and growth. With this result, you will be able to form well-defined goals for the future.
  • You will be able to figure out what thrives and supports the value of your particular business asset.
  • Going through the business valuation process can result in tax or legal issues.
  • You will be able to determine the economic value of your business
  • Business valuation creates opportunities for future growth and transition

Basics of business valuation

 When you want to sell your company's portion or asset, business valuation is done. 

You can also merge with or acquire another company through this process. You can obtain the worth of your business and evaluate all the business aspects through a business valuation.

A business valuation will include a complete analysis of the company's management. 

This management will be on the capital structure of the economic structure of the company. 

It also includes the market value of the assets and the company's future earnings. 

You can easily attain proper business valuation with a few common approaches to financial reports of the company's cash flow. 

Also, valuation is very important for tax reports. Any tax-related events like purchasing or gifting shares will depend on the valuation.

Various approaches to business valuation

The valuation techniques are mostly categorized under three basic approaches. The approaches that can be used are below

  • Market-based Approach

In the market-based approach, the business valuation will be calculated by comparing companies with similar values that have been sold. This is mostly suitable for a business where the data is easily available and can be compared. For sole proprietorship evaluation, the comparative data could be unavailable.

  • Asset-based approach

In the case of the asset-based approach, the valuation is obtained by adding investments of the company. This can be calculated by differentiating the total assets from the total liabilities. You can estimate the value of liquidation and determine the hand cash, post all the assets sold and the liabilities cleared. For sole proprietorships, an asset-based approach is not ideal. In the case of personal assets, they can't be clearly separated from company assets.

  • Income-based approach

The income-based approach is where the business value will be based on future revenue generation. It includes and analyses the business's investments, time, effort, and money. It will calculate the current company value by analysing the present situation's risk factor and cash flow. The income-based approach is a prediction that is based on past and present performance, where the future is predicted. This approach is not very accurate and can always be uncertain.

Documents required for business valuation

The following documents are required when you are determining your business valuation;

  • Tax returns of the company
  • Profit and loss statements of business
  • The Balance sheet of the company
  • Year-to-date income statement in comparison to the before the year
  • The Balance sheet of recent month-end
  • Current inventory cost estimate of the company
  • Other financial statements
  • List of capital
  • Business projections
  • Business plans
  • Transactions and other photocopies
  • Earnings 
  • Lease agreements

Methods of valuation

The business valuation includes different methods of valuation to determine the accurate value. Some of the methods of valuation are listed below

  • Capitalization of market

This method is simple, the company’s share price is multiplied by the total number of outstanding shares.

  • Times revenue method

Under this method, as the revenue generated over a certain period is applied to a multiplier depending on the economic and the industrial environment

  • Multiplying earnings

This method reveals the real and accurate value of a company. Under this, the multiplayer adjusts the future profits against the cash flow that can be invested at a current interest rate at the same time period. Simply, it adjusts the current P/E ratio to account of current interest rates.

  • Book value

Book value is the value that is shown on the balance sheet statement. It is calculated by subtracting the total liabilities from the total assets of a company.

  • Discounted cash flow

The DCF of the method is similar to the earnings multiplier. It is based on future cash flow projections and adjusts the company's current market value.

  • Liquidation Value

This is the value of the assets if they are liquidated and the liabilities are paid off

Purpose of business valuation

Business valuation can be based on many purposes. 

  • Mergers and acquisitions

Sometimes you don't want to sell your business but want to merge it with a separate company. Business valuation can help you more efficiently to make sure that the price offered is fair.

  • Shareholder and partnership disputes

There will be various opinions and disputes regarding the course of action that a company should take. To prevent these disputes from arising, the business can be judicially dissolved. Through business valuation, you can determine the worth of the shares, which can make a fair transaction.

  • Planning of estates and successions

When ownership needs to be transferred or succeeded upon, business valuation can help to make sure that the gift is covered under the laws of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS)

  • Solving marital issues

In case of a divorce, the liabilities and assets are equally divided between the parties. At such times, a business valuation can help attain the current value and resolve the dispute fairly.

  • Investment funding

Knowing the company's potential and the cash flow generation so that you can invest in some beneficial factors in business valuation can be helpful.

Significance of business valuation

Business value is significant to understand the company's actual fair value. This will help you know your company's situation regarding value growth and business view. 

This is crucial when you apply for a loan or mergers and acquisitions. Valuation is important and depends on various factors like management, finance, market, objectives, etc.

Benefits of business valuation

Some of the benefits of business valuation are as follows;

  • Knowledge of the company assets
  • Understanding the real value of a company
  • Better performance during mergers and acquisitions
  • Accessibility to more investors
  • Better market strategies


Business valuation plays a major role in dispute resolution. It is one of your business's main objectives and the most important value generation. 

It will help you to analyse and generate value for your business. Furthermore, it is helpful for any deals, negotiations, selling, and many other activities. 

Business valuation is not just calculating the certain value of your business; it also understands your business to make better future decisions.


1. What are the key factors of a business valuation?

Some of the key factors of business valuation are as follows:

  • Business valuation calculates the value of a particular business unit
  • Business valuation can also be used to obtain the fair value of a particular business for many. This may include sale partnership taxation and other divorce proceedings.
  • Under business valuation, several methods exist, such as capitalizing market, earnings multiplier, book value, and others.

2. What is the necessity of business valuation?

A few reasons for calculating your business valuation are listed below;

  • Buying or selling your business can be easy and simple
  • You can plan strategically for the present and also the future as well
  • Capital financing is made easy
  • You can concentrate on the security of investing
  • It is necessary for many other reasons on different levels of business strategies and approaches.

3. What are the factors to be aware of when doing business valuation?

The following are the factors to be aware of when conducting a business valuation. They are;

  • Fair market value
  • Book value
  • Methods of valuation
  • Approaches of valuation

Contact Us for Startup Valuation Services ,Business Valuation Services ,ESOP Valuation Consultants,Fund Raising Valuation , Valuation Services , Internal Audits Services  in Delhi, Noida, Gurgaon, and all across India: write to us at accounts@especia.co.in. Or Call On :(+91)-9711021268 +91-9310165114

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