The concept of insurance has been around for centuries, with the earliest forms of insurance dating back to ancient times, when traders would spread their risks by dividing their cargo among multiple ships.
However, modern insurance as we know it today began to emerge in the 17th century when individuals began to pool their resources together to protect themselves against losses from fire, theft, and other perils.
The insurance industry has grown and evolved to meet society's changing needs.
Today; insurance is an integral part of our daily lives, providing individuals and businesses with protection against various risks, including health problems, accidents, natural disasters, and more.
The insurance industry comprises various players, including insurance companies, brokers, agents, and regulators, each of whom plays a critical role in ensuring that insurance policies are fair, transparent, and effective.
Insurance policies can take many forms, from individual health insurance plans to extensive commercial policies that cover entire businesses or industries.
Despite the importance of insurance, many people still struggle to understand the intricacies of this complex industry.
That's why working with knowledgeable insurance professionals who can help you navigate the often-confusing landscape of insurance policies and regulations is important.
With the right guidance and protection, you can ensure that you and your loved ones are financially secure and protected against life's unexpected twists and turns.
What is ESI?
ESI (Employee State Insurance) registration is mandatory for companies with 10 or more employees.
ESI provides social security to employees through medical care, disability benefits, maternity benefits, and more.
The ESI Act applies to all establishments that have 10 or more employees, including temporary and contract employees.
There are several steps involved in the ESI registration process. First, the employer must obtain the employer identification number (EIN) from the relevant government agency.
Next, the employer must register for ESI online through the official ESI portal.
The employer must provide various details such as the number of employees, salary details, and other relevant information.
Once the registration is complete, the employer will receive a 17-digit unique identification number (UAN) for each registered employee.
After registering, the employer must maintain records of all employees who are covered under the ESI Act.
This information should include the employee's name, UAN, date of hire, and salary details.
The employer must also contribute to the ESI fund every month. The contribution rate is currently 4% of the employee's salary, with 1.75% contributed by the employer and 2.25% contributed by the employee.
ESI registration is crucial for companies to ensure that their employees receive social security benefits.
To avoid penalties or legal issues, following the correct procedures and keeping accurate records is critical.
ESI Registration Process
Step 1: Check Eligibility
- The establishment must have at least 10 employees (in some states/regions, the number may be lower).
- The establishment must be engaged in a covered industry such as manufacturing, medical, educational, or service sectors.
- The maximum monthly wage of the employees should be Rs. 21,000 or less.
If your establishment meets the above criteria, you may be eligible for ESI registration.
You can apply for registration through the online portal provided by the Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) or by visiting the nearest Regional Office of ESIC.
Step 2: Confirmation Mail
When you register for ESI, you will be required to provide personal and employment information.
Once you have completed the registration process, you should receive a confirmation email or letter from the ESI authorities acknowledging your registration.
The confirmation email or letter will typically contain important information about your ESI registration, including your registration number, the date of registration, and the effective date of coverage.
You must keep this confirmation letter or email safe, as it may be required for future reference or claims.
Suppose you have not received a confirmation email or letter within a reasonable timeframe after registering for ESI.
In that case, you may wish to contact the ESI authorities to follow up on your registration status.
Step 3: Collect Documents
- Registration Certificate of the Company/Firm
- PAN Card of the Company/Firm
- PAN Card of all the Directors/Partners
- Address Proof of the Company/Firm (e.g. Electricity Bill, Property Tax Receipt, etc.)
- Address Proof of all the Directors/Partners (e.g. Aadhaar Card, Voter ID, Passport, etc.)
- Bank Account Details of the Company/Firm (Cancelled Cheque or Bank Statement)
It is important to note that these are general documents required for ESI registration, and the exact requirements may vary depending on your specific situation.
It is advisable to consult with a professional or visit the official ESI website for more information.
Step 4: Visit the ESI website
Firstly, you'll need to visit the ESI website, Once you're on the website, click on the "Register" button in the top right corner of the homepage.
This will take you to the ESI registration page, where you'll need to select the type of registration you want to apply for, such as employer registration or employee registration.
After selecting the appropriate registration type, you'll need to fill in your personal and business details as required.
Once you have filled in all the necessary information, you can submit your application for ESI registration.
ESI will review your application, and if it's accepted, you'll receive a registration number that you can use for all ESI-related transactions.
Step 5: Fill out the Registration Form
To fill out the registration form for ESI (Employee State Insurance) registration, please follow the steps below:
- Go to the official website of ESIC (Employees' State Insurance Corporation)
- Click on the "Register Now" button under the "Employers" section on the homepage.
- Select your state and then click on the "Submit" button.
- Fill in the required details in the registration form, such as company name, address, phone number, email ID, PAN number, etc.
- Upload the necessary documents such as PAN card, bank statement, registration certificate, etc.
- Verify the details filled in the form, then click the "Submit" button.
- Once the registration is successful, you will receive a unique registration number which will be used for all future correspondence with ESIC.
Note: It is important to ensure that all details provided in the registration form are accurate and complete, as any incorrect information may lead to the rejection of the application or delay in the registration process.
Step 6: Submit the Application
To apply for ESI (Employee State Insurance) registration, you need to follow these steps:
- Visit the Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) official website
- Click on the "Forms" tab on the top menu and select "Registration Forms" from the drop-down list.
- Download the "Employer's Registration Form" (Form 01).
- Fill in the required details in the form, including the name and address of the establishment, name and address of the employer, number of employees, etc.
- Attach the necessary documents, including a copy of the PAN card, a copy of the registration certificate, and a copy of the bank statement.
- Submit the application form and the documents to the nearest ESIC office. You can also apply online through the ESIC portal.
- After applying, you will receive an acknowledgement receipt with a registration number.
- The ESIC office will then verify the details provided in the application and documents.
- If the application is approved, you will receive a certificate of registration within 15 days.
Step 7: Receive the Registration Certificate
- Visit the Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) official website.
- Click on the "Online Registration" tab on the home page.
- Select the option "Employer Registration" and fill in the required details.
- Upload the necessary documents such as PAN card, Aadhar card, and bank account details.
- Apply and make the payment of the required fees.
- After the application and documents are verified, the Registration Certificate for ESI registration will be issued by the ESIC.
Please note that the specific requirements and procedures may vary depending on your location and other factors.
It is recommended to consult with a qualified professional or the relevant authorities for detailed guidance.
Step 8: Pay the ESI Contributions
To pay ESI contributions, you can follow the steps below:
- Visit the Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) official website
- Click on the 'Online Services' tab and select 'e-payment' from the drop-down menu.
- Enter your 17-digit ESI code and click on 'Submit.'
- Verify your details and select the month for which you want to pay contributions.
- Choose the payment mode (online or offline) and complete the payment process.
- If you are facing any issues while making the payment, you can contact the ESIC helpline or visit the nearest ESIC branch office for assistance.
The ESI (Employee State Insurance) registration process is an important step for employers who want to provide their employees with benefits such as medical care, sickness benefits, maternity benefits, and more.
The registration process can be completed online and requires the employer to provide certain documents such as the PAN card, bank account details, and proof of business registration.
Once the registration process is complete, the employer will receive an ESI number and can start contributing to the ESI scheme.
This will enable their employees to receive the benefits provided under the scheme.
ESI registration is necessary for employers who want to provide their employees with healthcare and other social security benefits.
Employers must ensure they complete the registration process accurately and promptly to avoid legal complications or penalties.
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FAQ’S related to ESI Registration
1. What is ESI registration?
ESI registration refers to registering with the Employee's State Insurance Corporation (ESIC), a statutory body under the Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India. ESI registration is mandatory for all employers who have 10 or more employees in their organization.
2. What are the benefits of ESI registration?
ESI registration provides various benefits to both the employer and the employee. ESI registration provides medical care and benefits for employees in case of sickness, maternity, disability, and death due to employment injury. It allows employers to comply with statutory requirements and avoid legal penalties.
3. How to apply for ESI registration?
Employers can apply for ESI registration online by visiting the ESIC website and filling out the application form. The employer must provide various details such as their business, employee, and bank account details.
4. Can an employer voluntarily register under ESI even if they have less than 10 employees?
Yes, an employer can voluntarily register under ESI even if they have less than 10 employees. However, once registered, the employer must continue to comply with the ESI regulations even if their employee count falls below 10.
5. Who is eligible for ESI registration?
Employers who have 10 or more employees in their organization are eligible for ESI registration. The employees must earn a salary of up to Rs. 21,000 per month to be eligible for ESI benefits.
6. What documents are required for ESI registration?
The documents required for ESI registration include the employer's PAN card, address proof, bank account details, and employee details such as an Aadhaar card, salary details, and photographs.
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