Barcodes are everywhere. We use them every day, from shopping to important work. Barcodes show visual data in machine-readable form.
In other words, Barcode is a machine-readable representation of numerals and characters.
Barcode is used to encode the product details instantly, such as product numbers, serial numbers, and batch numbers.
Barcodes consist of bars and spaces. These Bars and spaces are readable with an optical barcode scanner.
Barcodes contain product Information. Barcodes carry information about the manufacturer also.
Types of Barcodes
Barcodes use lines of different widths to represent a 12 or 13-digit number.
There are mainly two types of barcodes: 1. Linear barcodes and 2. Two- Dimensional barcodes.
1. Linear barcodes
These consist of lines and spaces of various widths that generate specific patterns. One example of linear barcodes is UPC barcodes.
2. Matrix barcodes
Matrix barcodes are two-dimensional barcodes. They are like linear barcodes but are capable of representing more data per unit area. They look like squares or rectangles that may contain many tiny dots.
There are more types of Barcodes:
1. UPC CODES
UPC codes are mostly used in the USA. It is a universal code.
2. Code 39
Code 39 is considered one of the oldest barcodes in the world. Intermec Corporation developed it in 1975. It is mostly used in hospitals and government works. It is a 1D code.
3. Code 128
Code 128 has come from the character set of ASCII 128. (numbers, upper case, lower case letters, symbols and control codes). Code 128 is used worldwide, mostly in the packing and shipping industry.
4. Code 93
Code 93 is mainly used in logistics l in order to identify the packages. They are more secure than code 39.
International Article Number (EAN)
EAN is a standardized barcode. It is marked on most commercialized products currently available at the stores.
Booksellers mostly use EAN barcodes. These are 13-digit codes. They were created by the ISBN ( International standard book numbers).
These codes were Created to make it easy to track book information. This is considered a unique ID of publishers.
Quick Response (QR) Codes
A QR code (quick response code) is a two-dimensional (2D) bar code. It is used to provide easy access to online information. It provides information through the digital camera on a smartphone or tablet. QR codes are becoming popular nowadays as a new marketing tool.
Data matrix are the most common 2D barcodes. These codes are square in shape. They can encode large codes in very small spaces; Due to this, they are widely used in the electronic and healthcare sectors.
Data matrix codes require cultivated scanners, Like Smartphones. It takes a picture and converts it at a time.
It is very easy to print. It is used in photo labs and blood banks. It encodes up to 16 codes.
It can be produced without the help of computers. It is a self-checking barcode
Industrial 2 of 5 codes
This type of barcode is not commonly used. They are different from other 1D barcodes. They contain two thick and three thin bars. They are less popular. They have low density. They are being used in warehouses.
Interleaved 2 of 5 codes
These codes are a little bit different from industrial 2 of 5 codes, but they have almost the same format.
The first 2D barcode was created in 1987. It was named Code 49. They contain more information in smaller sizes.
A 2D scanner is able to scan more information in a short time. 2D scanners can read 1D codes as well.
Data matrix. PDF417, QR codes, Aztec, and Maxicode are the types of 2D codes. We can easily read 2D codes with our smartphones.2D codes can be read even when they are damaged.
1D scanners are cheaper than 2D scanners. It can work faster. 1D scanners only can read 1D codes.
Why is barcode used?
Why barcode is used is a silly question we can ask because, in today's era, Barcodes are everywhere, and Barcodes are widely used around the world in many areas.
They play an important role in improving business and making it easy to handle most stuff.
They are used in retail stores as part of the purchase process, in warehouses to track inventory, and on invoices to assist in accounting, among many other uses. Barcode is used to make hard work smart work.
Barcodes are applied to products as a means of quick identification. Barcodes make the process of tracking products. So it is quite helpful to use barcodes.
Barcodes are one of the most inventions so far.
Barcode Registration Process
Nowadays, due to the high increase in products, it is mandatory to have a unique barcode number for each product.
The process for Barcode Registration is completely online. The process of registration of the barcode is as described below:
STEP 1: U need to Fill up an Application form
STEP 2: Upload all necessary documents
STEP 3: Select the number and type of barcode
STEP 4: Confirm the filled-up details
STEP 5: Pay the fees
STEP 6: The last step is to track the status of the registration
Documents you need to Register Barcode
- Letter for requesting the allotment of the barcode.
- PAN card for a proprietorship firm
- Copy of the audited balance sheet of the previous year to substantiate your annual sales turnover
- Any proof like VAT/GST registration certificates
- A copy of the cancelled cheque of establishment
- Partnership deed
- Certification of incorporation
- MOA ( Memorandum Of Association )
- AOA ( Articles Of Association)
Barcode Registration India
India provides retail-ready barcodes to buyers.
In India Uniform code council now GS1 first issues barcodes before providing them to customers. Barcode Registration in india is easy, safe and speedy.
GS1 is the authority for registering barcodes in India. Barcode registration in India is done online on their website.
Advantages of Barcode Registration
- Barcodes work faster. It is accurate to store information. It is so helpful to track work progress. It reduces the error because all the information is automated, and there is no manual interference.
- Barcodes are coefficients. It is convenient to use, and it is also cost-effective. Barcodes have detailed info about the product.
- Barcodes save time as it is automated. It makes product tracking easy and makes the movement of products easy.
- Barcodes make the billing process faster and more accurate.
- Barcodes improve inventory control. Barcodes are used for data collection.
- Barcodes save both time and money.
Disadvantages of barcodes
- Barcodes need to be scanned individually.
- They have less security.
- They can be damaged easily.
- If barcodes are damaged or ripped a little, they won't be able to be scanned.
- Barcode scanners need to be very close to barcodes in order to read barcodes.
- Barcodes can be easily copied or reproduced.
Alternatives of Barcodes ( RFID )
RFID ( Radio Frequency Identification is automated) they automate the data capture. There is no need to scan labels.
RFID uses radio waves to store information and collect data from any tag from far away.
Every tag has a radio chip and a unique identification number; this ID number matches with the same number in the database and carries the needed information.
There are mostly five types of barcode readers: Pen-Type readers, CCD or LED readers, Laser scanners, Image scanners and slot scanners.
Difference between Barcode and QR Code
- Barcodes were developed in 1952
- It developed by Norman Joseph Woodland.
- Barcodes are in two types 1 dimensional and 2 dimensional.
- It is stored in such a way that computers can understand it.
- Barcodes are being used in stores to track the products; it is used in hospitals to track the record of patients.
- It is based on Morse code Technology.
- Barcodes store more than 100 bytes.
- Compared to QR codes, it needs less storage.
- It requires line of sight.
- It has less data storage.
- It stores information horizontally and less than QR codes.
- Barcodes are cost-effective.
- It is one-way communication.
- QR codes were created in 1994
- It was created by Masahiro hara.
- QR codes can be represented in one type.
- QR codes are used in different stores, hospitals and cinema halls.
- It is based on Morse code.
- QR codes store up to 2 kilobytes.
- It requires more storage compared to Barcodes.
- It requires line of sight.
- It has more data storage.
- QR codes are costly.
- It is easy to deploy.
- At a time, one QR code is read.
QR code registration
QR code registration doesn't need physical contact; it can be done online. It is a faster way to get audience sign-ups to have a QR code for registration.
QR codes store more information than barcodes. And they can be easily scanned with smartphones, so it is a smart way to get more registration by having QR codes for registration.
Some other information
- Bar codes are valid. It could be 1, 2, 5, or 10 years. And the concerned officer charges a fee.
- The First Barcode Symbology Was Patented in 1952 & Looks Like a Bullseye.
- The Barcode Battler Was One of the Earliest Mobile Gaming Consoles.
- Barcodes are scanned with a 99.99% success rate.
- Barcodes contain the number 666 (either the number set or the control sum), which has led some to connect them with the bible's 'mark of the beast'.
- Barcodes were patented in the US in 1952.
- It was based on Morse code technology.
- It took 20 years to become commercially successful.
- Barcodes were first used commercially in 1966.
- Wrigley’s gum was the first product which had the first barcode.
- Monarch marking was the first American company to produce barcode equipment in 1970, and it was for retail use.
- And Plessey telecommunication was the first British company to produce it for industrial use.
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FAQs related to Barcode Registration
1. Why are barcodes only black and white?
Black and White colours make good contracts. Therefore, it is the most reliable, so it makes it easy to scan barcodes.
2. Can two items have the same barcode?
No, because it will be confusing when it comes to finding product information and also when product distribution, sales tracking and inventory management.
3. Does every product need a barcode?
Yes, It is quite helpful to have a barcode of a product to get quick information.
4. Can a product be sold without a barcode?
Yes, of course, products can be sold without a barcode.
Small businesses like handicrafts and homemade products sell their products without barcodes, and the cost of barcodes costs them higher than their income rate.
RFID ( Radio Frequency Identification) is an alternative to barcodes, and It is also gaining popularity across the globe.
5. What information is not stored and stored in the barcodes?
Barcodes do not store price information.
Barcodes store the Weight of the product, the size of the product, the expiring date of the product and the manufacturer.
6. Can humans read barcodes?
Barcodes are designed to be read by scanners and interpreted by computers. But it is possible with practice to look at a UPC barcode and translate it into a 12-digit number.
7. What language is the barcode made in?
Barcodes are made in the GS1-21 language.
8. What is the purpose of barcodes?
Barcodes are used as a quick identification of the product. They are used in retail
stores as part of the buying process. In warehouses to track inventory and invoices to assist in
accounting, among many other uses.
9. What are the limitations of barcodes?
Barcodes do not have additional information like expiry dates. They can’t be scanned if they are damaged.