Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratio - Formula, Examples

Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratio - Formula, Examples

The accounts receivable turnover ratio, also known as receivables turnover, is a metric used in business accounting.

it is used to assess how well companies manage the credit they extend to their customers by determining how long it takes to collect the outstanding debt throughout the accounting period.

Explaining the Accounts Receivable Turnover formula

To work toward and achieve financial security, businesses must understand their accounts receivable turnover ratio. 

This efficiency ratio considers an organization's receivable balances and receivable accounts to determine its cash flow situation.

Suppose a company's receivables turnover goes unchecked and unmanaged for an extended period. In that case, it could indicate that they are failing to bill customers regularly and accurately or remind them of money owed. 

This puts businesses at risk of not receiving their hard-earned cash for the products or services they provide on time, which could lead to bigger financial problems.

Ensuring that your company collects money owed to it is advantageous for internal and external financial engagements. 

Although accounts receivable turnover ratios vary by industry, higher ratios usually make a better impression on potential investors or financial institutions that provide loans. 

As a result, exercising due diligence in accounts receivable revenues directly impacts an organization's bottom line.

Accounts Receivable Turnover formula Importance

The accounts receivable ratio serves two important business functions. 

For starters, it allows businesses to understand how quickly payments are collected, allowing them to pay their bills and strategically plan future investments.

Second, the ratio allows businesses to determine whether or not their credit policies and processes support good cash flow and continued business growth.

What Does the Accounts Receivable Ratio Indicate?

Accounts receivable ratios are indicators of a company's ability to collect receivables efficiently and the rate at which their customers repay their debts. 

Although numbers vary by industry, higher ratios are often preferred because they indicate faster turnover and better cash flow. 

Businesses that are paid quickly tend to be in better financial shape.

Accounts Receivable (AR) Turnover Formula Calculation

The accounts receivable turnover ratio, also known as the "receivable turnover" or "debtors turnover" ratio, is a financial statement efficiency ratio, specifically an activity financial ratio. 

It assesses how effectively and quickly a company converts its account receivables into cash throughout an accounting period.

Accounts Receivable (AR) Turnover Ratio Calculation & Formula

Divide net sales by average account receivables to get the AR Turnover Ratio. 

Net sales are calculated as the sum of sales on credit minus sales returns minus sales allowances. 

The average accounts receivable formula is calculated by dividing the sum of starting and ending receivables over a specified period (generally monthly, quarterly, or annually) by two.

The average accounts receivable formula for calculating the turnover rate over a year is as follows:

Average Accounts Receivables + Net Annual Credit Sales = Accounts Receivables Turnover

Flo's Flower Shop, for example, sells floral arrangements for corporate events and accepts credit cards. 

Gross sales at the shop totalled $100,000. 

The year began with $10,000 in accounts receivable. 

The year's total accounts receivable were $15,000. 

Average accounts receivable formula for calculating how many times Flo collected her average accounts receivables that year is as follows:

Turnover of Accounts Receivable = $100,000 - $10,000 / ($10,000 + $15,000)/2 = 7.2

The accounts receivable turnover ratio is used in financial modelling to forecast balance sheets. 

The AR balance is calculated based on the average number of days it will take to receive revenue.

To calculate the trade receivable turnover ratio formula, multiply the revenue in each period by the turnover days and divide by the number of days in the period.

To determine the average number of days, it takes a client to pay on a credit sale, use the following formula to calculate the ratio in days:

Accounts Receivable Turnover formula Ratio = 365 / Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratio = 365

In the case of Flo's Flower Shop, the calculation would be as follows:

Turnover of Accounts Receivable in Days = 365 / 7.2 = 50.69

What is a Good Turnover Ratio for Accounts Receivable?

In general, a higher number is preferable. 

It indicates that your customers pay on time and that your company is good at collecting.

A higher number may also indicate improved cash flow, a stronger balance sheet or income statement, balanced asset turnover, and even greater creditworthiness for your company.

However, there are some cases where this general rule may not apply.

Do you want your accounts receivable turnover to be lower or higher?

A high accounts receivable turnover ratio can indicate that the company is careful when it comes to extending credit to customers and is either efficient or aggressive in its collection practices. 

It may also indicate that the company's customers are of high quality and/or that it operates on a cash basis.

However, not all of those things are necessarily good. 

If a company is overly cautious in extending credit, it may lose sales to competitors or experience a significant drop in sales when the economy slows. 

Businesses must decide whether a lower ratio is acceptable to compensate for difficult times.

A low ratio, on the other hand, may indicate that a company is poorly managed, that it extends credit too easily, that it spends too much on operations, that it serves a financially riskier customer base, and/or that a broader economic event negatively impacts it.

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Examples of Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratios

Every business sells a product or service, bills for it, and collects payment according to the terms of the sale.

However, there are differences in how well companies manage collections after that point. 

Here are some specific scenario examples.

  • A high ratio of accounts receivable turnover

Dr Blanchard is a dentist who accepts insurance payments from a select group of insurers and cash payments from patients those insurers do not cover. 

His accounts receivable turnover ratio is 10, implying that his accounts receivable are collected in 36.5 days on average. 

That bodes well for his cash flow and personal objectives.

However, if his credit policies are too stringent during an economic downturn, or if a competitor accepts more insurance providers or offers deep discounts for cash payments, he may need help.

  • The accounts Receivable Turnover Ratio is Low

Ron Harris owns and operates a local yard service that serves homeowners and a few small apartment complexes. 

He is constantly understaffed and overworked, so he invoices customers whenever he has a spare hour or two. 

Even though Ron's customers pay on time, his accounts receivable ratio is 3.33 due to his sporadic invoicing and irregular invoice due dates. 

Ron's account receivables are converted into bankable cash three times a year, which means it takes him about four months to collect on any invoice.

FAQ’s related to Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratio

1. What Is a Good Turnover Ratio for Accounts Receivable?

Accounts receivable turnover ratio calculations will differ greatly by industry. 

Furthermore, larger companies may be more willing to offer longer credit periods

 because they are less reliant on credit sales. 

Generally, a higher accounts receivable turnover ratio is preferable, and businesses should strive for a ratio of at least 1.0 to ensure that the full amount of average accounts receivable is collected at least once.

2. Is it better to have a high or low account receivable turnover ratio?

High accounts receivable turnover ratios are preferable to low ratios because they indicate that a company is converting receivables to cash more quickly. This enables a company to have more cash available for use in its operations or growth more quickly.

3. What Factors Influence the Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratio?

Net credit sales and accounts receivable are combined to calculate the accounts receivable turnover ratio. 

A company can improve its ratio calculation by being more selective about who it offers credit and allocating internal resources to debt collection.

4. What Is the Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratio?

The accounts receivable turnover ratio indicates how effective a company's collection process is. 

This is significant because it directly correlates to how much cash a company has on hand as well as how much cash it expects to receive shortly. A company may fail to receive payments or manage its cash management process inefficiently if it fails to monitor or manage its collection process.

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