Goodwill and Intangible Asset Impairment

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This relates to allocating goodwill, acquired assets, and liabilities to reporting units. 

It supports Level 0 qualitative valuation of options as part of goodwill impairment testing and as part of impairment testing of indefinite-lived intangible assets. 

This also includes determining the fair value of the reporting units, including considering market participant assumptions and allocating common assets. 

When the goodwill impairment test is performed at the equity level, it estimates the fair value of the reporting unit's liabilities to derive an equity value for each. 

We also compare the value of the reporting unit to the overall value of the entity to assess the implied Market Participant Acquisition Premium (MPAP) (also known as the control premium) inherent in the fair valuing of the reporting unit and also the fair value of fair value Intangibles with an indefinite life including IPR&D. 

When applying ASC 360 to assess the impairment and fair value of long-term assets, including property, plant and equipment and finite-lived intangible assets Goodwill and Intangible Asset Impairment are very important.

Why are Goodwill and Intangible Asset Impairment important?

A company accounts for goodwill as an asset on its balance sheet. However, goodwill is not amortized or amortized like ordinary assets. 

Instead, companies are required to review goodwill for impairment annually. 

A company will recognize goodwill impairment if the value of the asset falls below the purchase price. 

This indicates that the value of the assets fell below what the company originally paid. 

Goodwill and Intangible Asset Impairment is important because a significant impairment of goodwill can mean that companies need to make better-informed investment decisions for tangible assets or pay more than they should. 

Goodwill can represent a large portion of a company's value or net worth. If a company does not test goodwill for impairment, the company may overestimate its value or net worth. 

Because goodwill is an intangible asset, treating it like a normal asset and amortizing it does not provide a clear picture of the asset's value. An impairment check needs to be achieved annually.

What are the applications of Goodwill and Intangible Asset Impairment?

There are mainly two applications of Goodwill and Intangible Asset Impairment which are as follows:

ASC 360:

The application of ASC 360 and the impairment and fair value assessment of long-lived assets include property, plant and equipment, and intangible assets with finite lives. 

The recoverability of a long-lived asset is the economic life of the asset (or a major group of assets), independent of the cash flows of other assets. 

Suppose an asset (or asset group) is determined to be impaired. In that case, an impairment loss is recognized based on the difference between the carrying amount and the asset's fair value (or asset group). 

It helps solve a variety of issues when determining the value of long-lived assets and the required fair valuation, including:

a). Identification of appropriate ASC 360 Asset Groups.

b). Analysis of forecasts to assess whether undiscounted amounts provide recoverability for an asset or group.

c). Fair value measurement of an asset (or group) using an appropriate valuation method for an asset (or group) that fails the impairment test.

IAS 36:

IAS 36 requires testing goodwill, indefinite-lived intangible assets, and long-lived assets to the extent of evidence of impairment. 

Goodwill is tested at the cash-generating unit (CGU) level and is a one-step test that compares the CGU's carrying amount to its recoverable amount (value in use (VIU) or the higher of fair value fewer costs to sell).

It provides an in-depth understanding of the measurement requirements of IAS 36 and key areas of concern for auditors and regulators. 

These areas include:

a). Assignment of Goodwill to CGUs (Cash Generating Units).

b). Practical insights into the nuances of IAS 36's impairment testing requirements and their application.

c). CGU (cash-generating unit), VIU, and FVLCD measurements.

d). Fair value measurement of assets with indefinite lives and other assets within the scope of IAS 36 that generates cash flows largely independent of other assets' cash flows.

How does Goodwill Works?

The value of goodwill usually arises when a company is acquired. The amount paid by the acquiring company to the target in excess of the fair value of the target's net assets is generally equal to the value of the target's goodwill.

Negative goodwill arises when the acquiring company pays less than the target's carrying amount. That means she bought her company at a bargain sale.

Goodwill is recognized as an intangible asset in the non-current assets account of the acquired entity's balance sheet. 

Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) require companies to assess the value of goodwill in their financial statements and recognize impairment losses at least annually. 

We have a simple formula to calculate goodwill, which can be done by taking the purchase price of a company and subtracting the net fair market value of identifiable assets and liabilities. And here goes the formula:

Goodwill(G) = Purchase price of the target company(P) – (Fair market value of assets(A) – Fair market value of liabilities(L)).

How Impairment works, and how does its periodic evaluation?

Impairment may be caused by changes in the company's legal or economic circumstances or damage caused by unforeseen events.

For example, a construction company may suffer extensive damage to its outdoor machinery and equipment due to natural disasters. 

This will show up in his books as a sudden and significant drop in the fair value of these assets below their book value. 

The book value of an asset, also called book value, is the asset's value less accumulated depreciation as reported on the company's balance sheet. 

Auditors regularly check assets for possible impairment. In the event of impairment, the auditor writes off the difference between fair value and book value. 

An impairment material event occurs when the company's total capital falls below the nominal value of the company's share capital.

Impaired capital can, of course, be reversed if the company's total capital increases again beyond the par value of the share capital, as opposed to asset depreciation.

Special Considerations of Goodwill and Intangible Assets:

Goodwill impairment became an issue during the 2000-2001 accounting scandal. 

Many companies artificially inflated their balance sheets by reporting inflated goodwill, which at the time was allowed to be amortized over its estimated useful life. 

Amortizing an intangible asset over its useful life reduces the amount of expenditure it records in one year on that asset. 

Previously bull markets overlooked goodwill and similar manipulations, but accounting scandals and regulatory changes have forced companies to report realistic amounts of goodwill. 

Current accounting standards require public companies to test goodwill for impairment annually and check its validity.

How ESPECIA helps in Goodwill and Intangible Asset Impairment:

ESPECIA provides valuation services with respect to Goodwill and Intangible Asset Impairment keeping in mind the code and conduct of ASC 350, ASC 360-10, Impairment of Disposal of Long-Lived Assets, as well as the International Accounting Standard 36. 

Here at ESPECIA, we have experts who have in-depth knowledge of the valuation requirements of ASC 350, along with the vital areas of concern to auditors and the SEC.

Our extensive expertise enables us to assist management in identifying areas of impairment risk while navigating complex corporate structures and their underlying legal entities and/or business units. 

We also understand the impact of goodwill on a company's value which can be better understood by understanding the factors that generate goodwill in a business. 

These factors that shape a company's goodwill include the company's value, excess business earnings, and projections of future economic profits, which are very important.


Valuing goodwill is a difficult but important skill for many investors. After all, when reading a company's balance sheet, it can be very difficult to tell whether the goodwill it claims to hold is, in fact, justified. 

Therefore, when analyzing a company's balance sheet, investors look at what lies behind the reported goodwill to determine whether that goodwill should be amortized in the future. 

Sometimes the opposite happens. Investors believe that the true value of a company's credit is greater than what is shown on its balance sheet.

Intangible assets have no physical existence but have a monetary value. It has a significant place on the company's balance sheet and can support the overall valuation over the long term. Tangible assets have a finite value and physical existence.

The two methods to check the impairments are:

a). By Income Approach

b). By Market Approach

At ESPECIA, we have the expertise to meet your needs. Our talented team provides our clients with the best lending expertise.

It stands for Financial Accounting Standards Board. It establishes the basis for GAAP rules considering changing the method of calculating impairment of goodwill. Because of the subjectivity of goodwill impairment and the value of trying it out.

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